Monographs on Indian Archaeology, Art and Philology
Monographs on Indian Archaeology, Art and Philology, Vol. 27
Apotropaic Scriptures in Early Indian Buddhism
This book examines the Bhadrakarātrī-sūtra, an important representative of early Buddhist rakṣā literature, and thereby contributes to the investigation of this literary genre. This work ultimately presents an edition, partial reconstruction, and translation of the two extant Sanskrit manuscripts found in Central Asia, as well as a critical edition and translation of the Tibetan version of this text. Special focus is also given to the Chinese and Tibetan variants of the mantras. Moreover, it highlights specific rakṣā elements, formal features, and linguistic and semantic patterns of the Bhadrakarātrī-sūtra. These are crucial for the understanding of the peculiarities of its language, as well as its textual development and classification among rakṣā literature.
The Gods of the Directions in Ancient India
Monographs on Indian Archaeology, Art and Philology, Band 14
Origin and Early Development in Art and Literature (until c. 1000 A.D.)
This comprehensive study presents the origins and diverse trajectories of development of the concept of the - mostly eight - directional deities (dikpalas) in the literature and especially in the art of India in a describing and analyzing approach, with the help of an extensive illustration section. Such treatment of the material yields new insights in iconographic research on the figure art of India.
Das singhalesische Nationalepos von König Duṭṭhagāmaṇī Abhaya
Monographs on Indian Archaeology, Art and Philology, Band 13
Textkritische Bearbeitung und Übersetzung der Kapitel VII.3-VIII.3 der Rasavāhinī des Vedeha Thera und Vergleich mit den Paralleltexten Sahassavatthuppakaraṇa und Saddharmālaṅkāraya
An in-depth exploration of the authoritative "medieval" treatment of the material of the Sinhala national epic - in Pāli as the largest coherent collection of narratives in the Rasavāhinī of Vedeha and in Sinhala in the extended treatment of Dharmakīrti - is now presented for the first time in the present work by Sven Bretfeld. The significance of this material for South Asian studies goes far beyond the realm of pure textual analysis: at the center of this text is the conflict that has existed for more than two millennia between the Sinhalese and the Tamils who migrated from South India. It is precisely this conflict that, in a positive sense, led to the origin of historiography in the Indian cultural sphere, but in a negative sense led to today's civil war in Sri Lanka. Thus, with this text, made available here for the first time in a scholarly edition and translated for the first time, Sven Bretfeld has made a fundamental contribution both to traditional Indology and Buddhist studies and to a deeper understanding of the situation in Sri Lanka today.
Die Vorschriften für die buddhistische Nonnengemeinde im Vinaya-Piṭaka der TheravādinMonographs on Indian Archaeology, Art and Philology, Band 11
The ordination tradition of the nuns of the Theravāda Buddhist school probably ended towards the end of the first millennium AD. Nevertheless, the rules of conduct for nuns, which, like those for monks, are regarded as Buddha's word, continue to be handed down in the collection of canonical texts. In the present study, the set of rules for nuns of the Theravāda tradition is presented starting from the special nuns' rules in the Book of Religious Discipline (Vinaya-Piṭaka) and the relevant commentary passages in the Samantapāsādikā, and compared with the rules of conduct for monks of the same tradition. This work is a revised version of my dissertation accepted in 1995 by the Department of Historico-Philological Sciences at the Georg-August University in Göttingen.