Breuer, Rüdiger, Roetz, Heiner (Eds.)

Worüber man nicht spricht
Tabus, Schweigen und Redeverbote in China

Jahrbuch der Deutschen Vereinigung für Chinastudien, Vol. 12

Self-imposed or socially or state-imposed speech taboos have always accompanied Chinese cultural history, as have attempts to break or circumvent them. Not only philosophy, historiography and literature have stood in this field of tension, but also moral and political action, which is still confronted with speech taboos today.
Worüber man nicht spricht gathers eleven contributions that span an arc from Chinese antiquity to the present day and illuminate the topic from various perspectives. They are examined: Cases of incest in ancient China; the problem of domestic violence in contemporary China; the originally strictly confidential "family teachings of Zhu Xi"; guidebook literature on China with its recommendations and prohibitions; the criticism of the republican writer and intellectual Lu Xun of mechanisms of power; the orientation of research on the 'Book of Changes' (Yijing); political factionalism in the one-party state of China; the linguist Wei Jian¬gong and his justifications of language policy measures; the political commitment of the filmmaker Shi Hui in the 1940s and the activities of the performance artist He Yunchang in the political and social context of the People's Republic of China. In this way, a multifaceted picture of taboos and prohibitions of speech in China's past and present is created.

Riemenschneider, Dieter

Gentle Round the Curves
Selected Essays on Indian Writing in English

The fifteen essays of the volume Gentle Round the Curves are a selection of my numerous publications on the English literature of India, which were written over a period of half a century. They demonstrate the increasing knowledge of a literature whose development thematically spans from the realistically described anti-colonial resistance of the thirties and forties of the 20th century to the now also formally and stylistically diverse manifestations of contemporary writing, such as 'magic realism', 'diasporan', 'feminist' and 'fantasy writing'. At the same time, these essays reflect the controversial discourse about the 'Indian quality' of texts written in a foreign language, which has not yet been concluded.

The essays deal with individual authors as well as Indian literary criticism, the first appearance of feminist short stories and modern English poetry, the view of writers beyond the borders of India as well as diasporal literature, the role of nature and landscape and their earliest pictorial representation from a foreign point of view, and texts that can be assigned to 'fantasy literature'. An introduction by the Indian colleague Professor Harish Trivedi, a bibliography and a rather nostalgic poem about the author and 'his' country conclude Gentle Round the Curves, whose title alludes not only to carefully circumventing the winding routes in the Himalayas, but also to approaching a foreign literature and culture cautiously as an 'outsider'.

Müller, Judith, Dame, Juliane, Butsch, Carsten (Eds.)

Aktuelle Forschungsbeiträge zu Südasien 9. Jahrestagung des AK Südasien, 25./26. Januar 2019, Heidelberg
9. Jahrestagung des AK Südasien, 25./26. Januar 2019, Heidelberg

Geographien Südasiens, Vol. 11

Extended abstracts der 9. Jahrestagung des AK Südasien, 25./26. Januar 2019 in Heidelberg.

Bergunder, Michael, Frese, Heiko, Schröder, Ulrike (Eds.)

Ritual, Caste, and Religion in Colonial South Asia

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 9

This book explores the impact that notions of ritual, caste, and religion had on society in 19th-20th century colonial South India. The authors present detailed studies of Tamil and Telegu sources, with a particular focus on the newly established print media of the time. They show how these concepts played a crucial role in the formation of social, cultural, and religious identities.

N.B.: For copyright reasons, only articles can be published on CrossAsia eBooks, where the authors have given their consent to the online publication.

Bergunder, Michael (Ed.)

Missionsberichte aus Indien im 18. Jahrhundert
Ihre Bedeutung für die europäische Geistesgeschichte und ihr wissenschaftlicher Quellenwert für die Indienkunde

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 1

In der Forschung hat die indische Missionsgeschichte des 18. Jahrhunderts bisher nur ungenügend Beachtung gefunden. Im Mittelpunkt des Aufsatzbandes, der einen Beitrag zur Schließung der Forschungslücke leisten will, stehen die Dänisch-Halleschen Missionare. Deren Missionsberichte stellen eine wichtige Quelle für die Indienkunde dar, die bisher weitgehend unerschlossen geblieben ist.

N.B.: For copyright reasons, only articles can be published on CrossAsia eBooks, where the authors have given their consent to the online publication.

Unger, Ulrich, Emmerich, Reinhard

Grammatik des Klassischen Chinesisch

The Grammar of Classical Chinese, which until now was only partially distributed among the author’s friends and students, has now been published as a whole. Initially created as nine volumes, written roughly between 1980 and 2000, the grammar was digitally revised and merged into one edition. Its subject, Classical Chinese, is defined by Unger as the language of the 5th to the 3rd century BCE, the final period of Old Chinese and the actual age of formation of Chinese culture. Unger’s working method was to extract the relevant grammatical categories from the language itself. As the most comprehensive Western language description of the Classical Language to date, it shall serve as a reference work among both experts and advanced students, who aim to gain a deeper understanding of Classical Chinese.

Reinhard Emmerich (Editor)

Kratzsch, Siegfried (Ed.)

Deex Autaer von Philip Angel
Eine niederländische Handschrift aus dem 17. Jahrhundert über die zehn Avatāras des Viṣṇu

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 7

Die Erforschung der europäischen Repräsentation des Hinduismus in der Frühen Neuzeit weist immer noch erhebliche Lücken auf. Durch die Veröffentlichung der bisher fast unbekannten Handschrift von Philip Angel über die zehn Avatāras des Viṣṇu aus dem Jahre 1658 wird der Forschung auf diesem Gebiet eine wichtige neue Quelle erschlossen, die nicht nur für das Fachpublikum von Interesse ist. Der Text bietet faszinierende Einblicke in die Vorstellungswelt des Hinduismus und die zehn verschiedenen Erscheinungsweisen seines wohl wichtigsten Gottes Viṣṇu.

Schröder, Ulrike

Religion, Kaste und Ritual
Christliche Mission und tamilischer Hinduismus in Südindien im 19. Jahrhundert

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 8

Seit die religionswissenschaftliche und kolonialgeschichtliche Forschung sich verstärkt der wissenschaftlichen Aufarbeitung von Dokumenten in den Archiven der Missionsgesellschaften zuwendet, ist der Wert solcher Quellen für eine religionsgeschichtliche Erforschung des Hinduismus in Südindien häufig herausgehoben worden. Weniger beachtet geblieben ist hingegen die Frage nach dem Beitrag der christlichen Mission zur Herausbildung von Kategorien wie „Religion“ und „Ritual“ im kolonialen Diskurs des 19. Jahrhunderts, sowohl auf einer globalen als auch auf einer lokalen Ebene. Eine gemeinsame Betrachtung beider Ebenen kann zeigen, dass zwischen ihnen im 19. Jahrhundert ein enger Zusammenhang bestand. Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Rolle von christlichen Missionaren im kolonialen Diskurs und der Wechselwirkung zwischen christlich-kolonialer Mission und lokalem hinduistischen Kontext in Südindien im 19. Jahrhundert. Diese Fragestellung wird exemplarisch am Beispiel des Missionars Robert Caldwell (1814-1891) aufgearbeitet, der als Missionar der anglikanischen Missionsgesellschaft SPG in Tirunelveli (Südindien) gewirkt hat. Das Buch will damit einen Beitrag leisten zur Verknüpfung bisher getrennter Themenfelder der Geschichte des Christentums und des Hinduismus in Europa und Indien sowie zum Verständnis der christlich-kolonialen Mission des 19. Jahrhunderts als Teil der globalen und lokalen Religionsgeschichte.

Butsch, Carsten, Follmann, Alexander, Müller, Judith (Eds.)

Aktuelle Forschungsbeiträge zu Südasien
8. Jahrestagung des AK Südasien, 19./20. Januar 2018, Köln

Geographien Südasiens, Vol. 10

Extended abstracts der 8. Jahrestagung des AK Südasien, 19./20. Januar 2018 in Köln.

Dörre, Andrei, Schütte, Stefan (Eds.)

Potentials and Challenges for Development in Naryn, Kyrgyzstan

Berlin Geographical Papers, Vol. 48

After gaining independence in 1991, Kyrgyzstan experienced fundamental transformations of the political system, the economy and the sociocultural sphere. These transformations had various immediate impacts on the people’s daily life in terms of income generation, the provision with food and consumer goods, the management and use of locally available natural resources, as well as the availability of reliable social services, including health and education. Questions related to national belonging and religious identity represent another fundamental challenge of the post-Soviet era, requiring the search for new answers. Against this background, the student project focused on three thematic clusters including ten subprojects: I) ‘Economy: markets, trade, and agriculture’; II) ‘Connections and relations: rural-urban nexuses’; and III) ‘Culture and society: religion and identity’. The studies were conducted in close cooperation with the Naryn State University named after S. Naamatov located in Naryn Town, the administrative centre of Naryn Oblast’. Ten groups of up to three Kyrgyz and German students addressed specific issues through case study approaches applied in selected rural and urban settings of the province. The scope of the individual subprojects encompassed issues like the car trade and public transport system in Naryn Town, the bazaar economy of the city, trade and value chains of milk and other animal products, the management and utilisation of pastures and irrigation water, challenges related to drinking water supply, small-scale gold mining, endogenous development potentials, and the representation of national identity in the study region. This report includes a selection of the manifold results gained by the Kyrgyz-German student group, and presents six case studies addressing diverse topics

Heyink, Marina-Elena

Where is Jawaharlal Nehru University? Tracking Changes in India's Higher Education Development

Berlin Geographical Papers, Vol. 49

In recent years, the phenomenon of nationalism has evoked much attention when negotiating the institutional design of India’s universities. Justifiably rejecting the political project of naturalizing or essentializing the concepts of nation and nationhood, critical public and scientific discourse, however, often reduces nationalism to its symbolic or idealistic dimension. On the contrary, material structures of public institutional spaces have received little geographical attention when approaching national ideals, aspirations, conflicts, and controversies. This is despite the fact that constructed environments and spatial designs form a substantial link between the nation state of India and its public higher education in institutions. Arguing that space makes a difference, the paper in hand raises nationalism as a problem of simultaneous positioning. By tracking India’s higher education development through the example of Jawaharlal Nehru University campus space, I will not only focus on nationalism as a matter of symbol and categories of consciousness but also on the material dimensions of institutional design, namely building distribution, constructional aesthetics, and spatial accessibility. Thus, this work offers perspectives that extend beyond the idealization or demonization of the various notions of the Indian nation.

Rehm, Raphael Pinheiro Machado

Small scale variability in soil hydraulic properties in a headwater catchment of the Indian Western Ghats

Geographien Südasiens, Vol. 9

The Indian West Ghats are located in the monsoon climate with rainfalls up to over 3000 mm a year. Since the mountain chain is the source of almost all major Indian rivers, the characteristics of the headwater catchment areas are of great importance for the water balance of the entire Indian sub-continent. However, due to its proximity to the agglomeration areas of Mumbai and Pune, the previously rural Pune district in Maharashtra is facing strong demographic and economic growth and is thus increasingly affected by land use change. While these changes can be recognized from satellite data, changes in soil properties are rare avilable. Water affect a variety of physical, chemical and biological processes and by that almost every aspect of soil development and soil behavior. Conversely, the characteristics of soils for hydrological variables, such as the storage and provision of plant-available water, are crucial. In order to understand changes in the hydrology of a region, detailed knowledge of the effects of land use change on soil properties is required. This work should help to understand the characteristic of tropical soil formations in the northern Western Ghats and to show possible effects of different land uses on soil quality with a special focus on hydraulic properties.

Burger, Maya, Cattoni, Nadia (Eds.)

Early Modern India
Literatures and Images, Texts and Languages

This book presents recent scholarly research on one of the most important literary and historical periods of the Early Modern era from a wide range of approaches and perspectives. It contains a selection of contributions presented at the 12th International Conference on Early Modern Literatures of North India which provide fresh and new material as well as innovative methods to approach it.
The organizing principle of the volume lies in its exploration of the links between a multiplicity of languages (Indian vernaculars, Persian, Sanskrit), of media (texts, paintings, images) and of traditions (Hindu, Jain, Sikh, Muslim). The role of the Persian language and the importance of the translations from Sanskrit into Persian are discussed in light of the translational turn. The relations between various yogic traditions, especially of Nath origin, from Kabir and other sampradayas, are reconsidered.

Bergunder, Michael, Das, Rahul Peter (Eds.)

"Arier" und "Draviden"

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 2

Die Frage nach der Geschichte beinhaltete zu allen Zeiten auch die Frage nach der eigenen Identität. Während der britischen Kolonialherrschaft im 19. Jahrhundert begründeten westliche Indologen und christliche Missionare unter Beteiligung Gelehrter der traditionellen einheimischen Wissenssysteme eine südasiatische Geschichtsschreibung, in der die Südasiaten als die Nachkommen unterschiedlicher Völker (insbesondere Arier und Draviden) betrachtet wurden. Diese orientalistischen Geschichtstheorien über Ereignisse, die tausende Jahre zurücklagen, fanden unter unterschiedlichen Vorzeichen Eingang in den politischen Diskurs, und in der Folgezeit wurden diese Projektionen in hohem Maße Bestandteil des Selbstverständnisses verschiedenster politischer Bewegungen und Parteien moderner südasiatischer Staaten. Heute mündet in Südasien fast jede Diskussion über die Vor- und Frühgeschichte beinahe automatisch in eine Debatte um soziale und politische Machtinteressen.
In jüngster Zeit sind es vor allem sogenannte hindu-nationalistische Kreise, die ihre politische Legitimation aus der Vorgeschichte zu ziehen versuchen. Der vorliegende Band leistet damit auch einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Aufhellung der geistigen Hintergründe des im deutschsprachigen Raum immer noch wenig verstandenen Phänomens des Hindu-Nationalismus.

N.B.: Der Beitrag von Edwin Bryant "Disput um die Vergangenheit" kann aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nicht online veröffentlicht werden.

Bergunder, Michael (Ed.)

Westliche Formen des Hinduismus in Deutschland
Eine Übersicht

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 6

Der vorliegende Band gibt eine problemorientierte, interdisziplinär angelegte Übersicht über westliche Formen des Hinduismus im deutschsprachigen Raum. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage, wie hinduistische Traditionen im kulturellen Kontext Europas adaptiert und reinterpretiert werden und welche Interdependenzen sich zu zeitgenössischen religiösen Bewegungen in Südasien feststellen lassen. Damit soll zugleich ein Beitrag zur konzeptionellen Durchdringung dieses Themenfeldes aus religionswissenschaftlicher Perspektive geleistet werden. Wichtige Gruppierungen, wie Hare Krishna (ISKCON), Transzendentale Meditation, Osho-Bewegung, Brahma Kumaris, Sai Baba, Thakar Singh werden einzeln besprochen und analysiert.

N.B.: Von diesem Sammelband können aus urheberrechtlichen Gründen nur die Beiträge auf CrossAsia-eBooks im Open Access veröffentlicht werden, bei denen die Autorinnen und Autoren ihre Zustimmung erteilt haben.

Klöber, Rafael, Ludwig, Manju (Eds.)

HerStory. Historical Scholarship between South Asia and Europe
Festschrift in Honour of Gita Dharampal-Frick

This Festschrift in honour of Professor Dr. Gita Dharampal-Frick assembles a number of innovative contributions by friends, colleagues, and former students to the multiple research areas in the field of history of South Asia that Gita Dharampal-Frick has enriched over the last decades. The essays included in this volume address a broad number of topics and periods, ranging from transcultural encounters between South Asia and Europe, reassessments of colonial discourses and their legacies, novel approaches to the maritime history of the Indian Ocean, and to perspectives on M.K. Gandhi.

Masilamani-Meyer, Eveline

Guardians of Tamilnadu
Folk deities, folk religion, Hindu themes

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 5

The gods and goddesses that populate the Tamil villages and countryside are rarely called Śiva, Viṣṇu or Pārvāti and yet, they are understood to be forms or aspects of these pan-Hindu deities. Similarly, the ritual performed for the folk deities show traits antagonistic to Brahmanical values and yet, we find in them symbols and myths common to the “high” Sanscritic tradition. In the present work the author traces patterns and structures that help the reader understand the salient features of Tamil folk Hinduism and its differences to and similarities with the “high” tradition.

The book has chapters on the arrangement of the folk deities in the temple, the deities’ place in the ordered and wild space, their relationship with the pan-Hindu gods and goddesses and chapters on how the devotees connect to the folk deities through myths, rituals and worship. The great diversity and richness of the Indian folk religion and the ever greater assimilation of folk cults into the “high” tradition are topics that need to be explored in depth. The present book is a contribution towards this goal.

Sweetman, Will

Mapping Hinduism
"Hinduism" and the study of Indian religions, 1600-1776

Neue Hallesche Berichte, Vol. 4

The process by which Hinduism came to be constituted as an object of European study is often taken to be the most egregious example of the invention of a religion through the reification of disparate traditions of belief and practice an the projection of theological preconceptions or imperial ambitions. In this work Will Sweetman offers both a theoretical reconsideration of the status of the term Hinduism and an alternative historical account of its emergence in the eighteenth century based on consideration of early Dutch, English, French and German sources, demonstrating that its scope owes more to Indian ideas of religious affiliation as the time of its emergence more to the evolving modern concept of India as a geographical entity than either does to theological preconceptions or imperial ambitions.

Schleiter, Markus

Die Birhor - Ethnographie und die Folgen
Ein indischer "Stamm" im Spiegel kolonialer und postkolonialer Beschreibungen

Die Birhor sind eine indische ‚Stammesgruppe’. Bekannt sind die Birhor als Spezialisten für Seilherstellung, Affenjagd, Heilkräuter und andere Waldprodukte. In diesem Buch untersucht der Autor die ethnographischen Darstellungen dieser Gruppe über Ansätze der Postcolonial Studies und zeigt dabei Widersprüche, aber auch erstaunliche Gemeinsamkeiten von den ersten kolonialen Berichten seit 1865 bis hin zu den neuesten Ethnographien. Anhand einer eigenen einjährigen „Teilnehmenden Beobachtung“ in deren Siedlungen deckt der Autor auf, dass diese Beschreibungen der Birhor – unter anderem als „unschuldige“ und „fröhliche“ „Jäger und Sammler“ – erhebliche ambivalente Konsequenzen für diese selbst haben. Diese Auswirkungen stehen in engem Zusammenhang mit der staatlichen Entwicklungsarbeit Indiens und umfassen Todesfälle durch Malaria.

Zotter, Christof

Asketen auf Zeit
Das brahmanische Initiationsritual der Bāhun und Chetrī im Kathmandu-Tal

After its integration into the series of life-cycle rituals (saṃskāra) in the first millennium BC, the Brahmanical initiation (upanayana) underwent continual revision and reinterpretation. Today it is performed during a ritual complex called vratabandha, in which it is conducted together with three other saṃskāras, the whole set being embedded in a preliminary and framing ritual.

For the present volume, a combination of textual studies and fieldwork was employed to examine the principles by which a particular Vedic school (the White Yajurveda) and a concrete context (the vratabandha of Nepalese Bāhuns and Chetrīs) combines and adapts elements of different types of ritual (saṃskāra, pūjā, homa, etc.) in order to accommodate itself to changing times and circumstances.

The detailed formal analysis provides a key to interpreting the meaning of the whole complex of acts that constitute a vratabandha, in which the initiate temporarily becomes an ascetic in order to be initiated into his future householder role as a ritual practitioner.